Corneal crosslinking is a treatment for keratoconus, an eye problem that causes the cornea to thin out and grow weak. The cornea bulges out over time into a cone shape that makes it hard to see because of impaired vision.
An optometrist or ophthalmologist can diagnose the condition by conducting an eye exam and reviewing your family and medical history.
A normal cornea should have a dome shape like that of a ball. Keratoconus happens when the structure around the cornea cannot hold the dome shape, causing it to bulge outwards. The bulging takes place when the protective oxidants are not enough in your cornea.
Your cornea produces unwanted by-products like a car that releases exhaust fumes. Antioxidants get rid of the dangerous substances to protect collagen fibers. If the antioxidant levels lower, the collagen grows weak and causes your cornea to bulge.
The cause of keratoconus is not clear. However, there are several factors linked to the condition:
Family history - If you have someone in your family with keratoconus, there is a high possibility you can get it. Go for regular eye exams to mitigate your risks
Disorders - Several studies have linked keratoconus with a few disorders. These studies link Down syndrome, osteogenesis imperfecta, retinitis pigmentosa, and Ehlers-Danlos syndrome to keratoconus
Age - Keratoconus usually starts in the teenage years. It can also show up during early childhood or in your thirties
Eye rubbing - Keratoconus development can speed up if you habitually rub your eyes hard. Eye rubbing can cause damage to your cornea over time
Inflammation - Asthma, atopic eye disease, and allergies can cause inflammation that can damage your cornea tissue
Keratoconus can alter your vision in two ways. One way is through irregular astigmatism caused by the cornea changing to a cone shape. Change in this manner causes the surface of your eye to be wavy. The second way is by causing nearsightedness to your vision because of the expansion at the front.
You can also experience the following signs and symptoms if you have keratoconus:
Streaks of light
Halos around bright lights
Blurry objects both near or far
Double vision when seeing with one eye
Corneal crosslinking treats keratoconus. Your doctor uses eye drops and ultraviolet light from a machine to strengthen the tissues of your cornea. The goal of the surgery is to stop the continuous bulging of the cornea. The treatment adds bonds between collagen fibers in the eye, hence the name crosslinking. The bonds work as beams to support the cornea.
Corneal crosslinking does not reverse changes that have already happened to your cornea. It is a treatment that helps prevent the changes from becoming worse. This treatment has the potential to slow the progression of keratoconus and prevent you from needing a cornea transplant.
The primary purpose of corneal crosslinking is to stop the progression. The best candidate for this treatment should have progressive keratoconus based on the shape of their cornea.
Corneal crosslinking can cause risks like any other surgery. The risks may include:
Vision problems such as hazy or blurry vision
Damage to your cornea
For more on when to perform corneal crosslinking for keratoconus, visit Fier Eye Care & Surgery Center at our office in Port Saint Lucie or Stuart, Florida. You can also call 772-400-2400 or 772-286-0007 to book an appointment today.